Measuring the Health of California Streams and River:
A methods manual for resource professionals, citizen monitors and natural resources students second edition
(Harrington and Born, 2000)

Overview of manual
Order Manual

Chapter 1

  • Introduction

Chapter 2

  • Discusses the importance of citizens' involvement and offers recommendations for a person wishing to become involved as a volunteer citizen monitor.

Chapter 3

  • Describes the natural state of streams and rivers
  • Discusses watershed hydrology and the various physical structures forming river systems.
  • Introduces stream chemistry, both inorganic and organic components and how they contribute to the aquatic food web.
  • Presents the River Continuum Concept, as a holistic view of interpreting benthic macroinvertebrates' (BMIs) function in the aquatic system.
  • Introduces and briefly describes the world of BMIs.

Chapter 4

  • Focuses on the new definition, types and sources of water pollution and how to detect problems stemming from it.

Chapter 5

  • Offers an overview of the water quality regulations governing our nation and our state
  • Discusses Total Maximum Daily Loads. . Introduces the concept of biocriteria.

Chapter 6

  • Explores the concept and purpose of monitoring groups and which California government agencies can provide assistance.
  • Lists some of the ways these agencies help citizen groups and two other entities within the state that may help monitoring groups work more effectively.
  • Introduces the intent and major elements of the California Stream Bioassessment Procedure (CSBP) for Citizen Monitors and why monitoring groups would want to use the CSBP.

Chapter 7

  • Presents the concept of watershed assessment and the components of a formal approach that citizen groups can implement.
  • Discusses assessment of ambient water quality chemistry for rivers and streams and lists the parameters which are required of the CSBP and those which are optional.
  • Details the level of physical/habitat and biological assessment.
  • Explains how physical/habitat assessments for water quality differs form habitat surveys used for fisheries investigation.
  • Outlines the characteristics of a good biotic indicator, along with reasons why the CSBP utilizes benthic macroinvertebrates for assessing the health of California water bodies instead of fish or algae.

Chapter 8

  • Discusses the differences between point-source and non-point-source sampling design.
  • Outlines the complete procedures to conduct a physical/habitat and biological assessment.

Chapter 9

  • Discusses the three levels of benthic macroinvertebrate identification.
  • Describes the two levels of taxonomic efforts recommended for citizen monitors.
  • Explains how to maintain field and voucher samples and reference collections.
  • Describes the steps to start a successful citizen laboratory and to develop standard operating procedures.

Chapter 10

  • Explains how to process the data produced from the laboratory identification of the benthic macroinvertebrate samples.
  • Lists the biological metrics that can be produced from the Level 1 and 2 Taxonomic Level, along with how to calculate them.
  • Covers basic statistics and how they apply to bioassessment.
  • Discusses rules for examining the data for outliers and significance.
  • Introduces advanced concepts such as integrating the data into a single score called an Index of Biological Integrity, comparing the biological data with physical/habitat data and electronic storing of the data.

Chapter 11

  • Discusses Quality Assurance, or the process of guaranteeing that you arecollecting credible data on the biological and physical condition of streams and rivers.
  • Discusses the field and laboratory work, data analysis and report writing procedures to assure quality or Quality Control.

Chapters 12

  • Presents background and introduction to taxonomy and the use of the dichotomous keys.
  • Gives some helpful hints on invertebrate identification.
  • Lists professional taxonomic references and flyfishing entomology books of interest.

Chapter 13

  • Presents taxonomic keys to the major groups of aquatic macroinvertebrates and descriptions of the non-insects

Chapter 14

  • Presents the taxonomic keys and describes Mayfly families.

Chapter 15

  • Presents the taxonomic keys and describes Stonefly families

Chapter 16

  • Presents the taxonomic keys and describes Caddisfly families

Chapter 17

  • Presents the taxonomic keys and describes Aquatic Fly families

Chapter 18

  • Presents the taxonomic keys and describes the remaining insect orders and families.

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